As the England squad fly out to Australia looking to hold the Ashes for a fourth consecutive series, ecb.co.uk's Glen Robertson looks back at the 2010/11 campaign Down Under.
FIRST TEST - BRISBANE
Alastair Cook's record-breaking innings rescued England in the opening Test.
With the tourists trailing by 221 on first innings, the Essex opener faced 428 balls for his 235 not out in a mammoth 10-and-a-half-hour knock to surpass Don Bradman's Brisbane record.
It was his maiden Test double-hundred and it helped England set Australia a notional 297 to win as the first game ended in a stalemate.
Things had looked bleak when Australia had reached 481 in reply to 260.
Peter Siddle had ripped through the England side, taking 6-54 including a hat-trick - making him the fourth Australian to complete the feat in an Ashes Test - on day one of the contest.
Ben Hilfenhaus hinted at what was to come when he removed England skipper Andrew Strauss with the third ball of the day.
Once Haddin was gone, England picked up the remaining four wickets for just 31 runs, but they started day four on 19 without loss - needing to bat for two days to save the Test.
They required a batting masterclass and Cook, Strauss and Jonathan Trott delivered. All three made hundreds, with the hosts' only breakthrough coming when the captain was stumped off Marcus North for 110.
Unperturbed after Strauss' dismissal following a 188-run partnership, Cook was joined by Trott and the duo remained unbeaten to save the Test and land the first psychological blow in the series.
SECOND TEST - ADELAIDE
England took the lead in the series with a Kevin Pietersen-inspired innings-victory at the Adelaide Oval.
The explosive batsman amassed a Test-best 227 - the highest score by an England player at the ground - in the tourists' massive 620 for five declared that Australia had no answer to.
Andrew Strauss’ side had a dream start to the contest with two wickets in the game's opening over. Simon Katich was run out by a direct hit from Jonathan Trott and Ricky Ponting edged James Anderson's next delivery to Graeme Swann at second slip.
Fifties from Shane Watson and Brad Haddin and 93 from Mike Hussey saw the hosts recover somewhat, but England limited their opponents to 245 on day one.
Australia's attempt at a fightback looked to be going well as Strauss was bowled shouldering arms to the third ball of the morning, but Alastair Cook and Jonathan Trott shared a stand of 173, before the former then went two better with Pietersen - a partnership of 175.
Cook finally fell for 148, having batted for over seven hours, but Pietersen continued the assault before eventually succumbing to Xavier Doherty.
Three of Australia's top five recorded fifties while Stuart Broad was ruled out of the rest of the tour with a stomach injury, but Pietersen put the momentum firmly back in England's favour by removing Michael Clarke for 80 with the last delivery of an eventful day.
And a devastating session the following morning saw England pick up the final six wickets for just 66 runs, with Graeme Swann completing victory - and a five-wicket haul - by removing Peter Siddle.
THIRD TEST - PERTH
Australia fought back to level the series by recording a 267-run win.
England had started the contest brilliantly as they went in search of a victory that would have retained the Ashes.
Australia were bowled out for 268, with James Anderson and Chris Tremlett both taking three wickets, while Paul Collingwood pulled off a superb catch to dismiss Ricky Ponting.
But a magnificent bowling display from Mitchell Johnson - returning figures of 6-38 - put the hosts in the box seat on day two. Ryan Harris contributed three further wickets as England were dismissed for 187 - a deficit of 81 - with only Andrew Strauss and Ian Bell offering much resistance.
England hit back with Steven Finn and Tremlett removing Phil Hughes, Ponting and Michael Clarke between them, but Shane Watson and Mike Hussey put on a century partnership to leave Australia in command.
Watson fell five runs short of a maiden Ashes ton but Hussey had no such issues, going on to a second hundred in three games.
He was last man out for 116 as a late collapse saw the last five wickets fall for 38 runs, which left England chasing 391 to win.
Yet Harris and Johnson ran through the England order with ease, this time with the former taking six and the latter three.
Only Jonathan Trott managed to make it past 20 for the tourists as they were consigned to defeat 50 minutes into day four.
FOURTH TEST - MELBOURNE
There are few things as special in cricket as the Boxing Day Test at the MCG and the 2010 contest will forever live in the memory of England followers as they retained the Ashes with a 157-run victory.
The first day will be remembered for an eternity. Australia, after being put in to bat, were skittled for 98 in front of a crowd of just under 85,000.
James Anderson and Chris Tremlett shared eight scalps between them with a superb display of seam bowling.
Just how impressive the bowlers had been was brought to light when Andrew Strauss and Alastair Cook reached the end of day one with an unbroken partnership of 157.
Neither went on to a ton the following morning as Peter Siddle removed both in his remarkable 6-75. But neither Siddle nor his fellow Australia bowlers could trouble Jonathan Trott, who recorded a sublime fifth Test century.
He ended 168 not out, having enjoyed a 173-run partnership with Matt Prior, who reached 85 after been caught behind off a Mitchell Johnson no-ball when on five.
England were all out for 513, setting the hosts 415 just to make them bat again with two and a half days still to play.
By the end of day three, even the eternal optimists in the home support had given up. Tim Bresnan took three wickets in 18 balls as Australia were 169 for six at the close.
And they did not last much longer the following morning, with Tremlett, Graeme Swann and Bresnan taking the final three wickets - Ryan Harris was unable to bat through injury - to secure a memorable victory.
FIFTH TEST - SYDNEY
England won an Ashes series in Australia for the first time in 24 years as an emphatic innings-and-83-run victory secured a 3-1 series triumph.
Australia chose to bat and, after the rain proved a nuisance on day one, they set about posting a respectable total of 280.
Six players reached 30, though only Mitchell Johnson went on to a fifty. James Anderson was the pick of the bowlers, taking 4-66, while Tim Bresnan chipped in with three and Paul Collingwood removed the dangerous Mike Hussey for 33.
In reply, Andrew Strauss and Alastair Cook both made half-centuries, though Jonathan Trott was out for a duck and Kevin Pietersen fell for 36 shortly before the close on day two with England 167 for three and the game in the balance.
Nightwatchman James Anderson and Collingwood were ousted early on day three, but what followed in the afternoon all but gave England victory.
Cook converted his overnight 61 into 189, while Ian Bell recorded his first Ashes ton and Matt Prior added an unbeaten 54 as England made Australia toil in the field.
Prior went on to a hundred the next day as England recorded their highest score in Australia - 644 all out - which left the hosts trailing by 364 on first innings.
Any hopes of even batting out a draw faded on day four as they were reduced to 213 for seven. Seamers Anderson, Chris Tremlett and Bresnan each took two wickets while Shane Watson was run out, in a dominant England performance.
But the tourists had to wait until the final day to wrap up victory, with Tremlett receiving the honour of picking up the final wicket - forcing Michael Beer to play on - and getting the celebrations started.