Essex were bowled out for their lowest first-class score of 20 as Lancashire crushed them at Chelmsford.
Already in arrears of 125 after Lancashire posted a first-innings 398, six Essex batsmen made ducks in a total which was 10 less than their previous worst made against Yorkshire in 1901.
Veteran seamer Glenn Chapple took 5-9 from 7.2 overs and Kyle Hogg posted 4-11, with home captain James Foster run out.
Opener Jaik Mickleburgh scored half of Essex’s runs as Lancashire won the LV= County Championship Division Two game by an innings and 105 runs with more than four sessions to spare.
Earlier in the day, the visitors added 191 for the last three weeks to gain a first-innings lead, with Hogg and Chapple both making half-centuries.
The pair then made it a day to remember for both themselves and their team, immediately finding their rhythm, line and length.
The home side were in deep trouble from the start, as seven wickets fell in the first 50 deliveries with a series of Essex batsmen coming and going in quick fashion.
Hogg burst through the top order with four of the first five wickets to enjoy figures of 4-3 at that point, as the first three wickets fell with the total on five.
Tom Westley got off the mark with a boundary but then chipped to cover before New Zealand Test batsman Hamish Rutherford drove Hogg to Chapple at mid-off.
Owais Shah and Ben Foakes were pinned in front of their stumps by Hogg either side of the downfall of Ryan ten Doeschate, which gave Chapple his first wicket.
With the scoreboard showing 15 for five, Foster was run out for four by Chapple in his follow-through when Mickleburgh called for a suicidal run.
It took Chapple little time to polish off the innings. Graham Napier was leg before, Sajid Mahmood was bowled and then Mickleburgh, who had watched the carnage for just over an hour and faced 38 balls, walked across the line and was lbw.
Reece Topley was trapped in front of his stumps to Chapple's next delivery and that concluded an innings that had lasted just 68 minutes. Second-placed Lancashire took 23 points from the match and Essex five.
It was the first time that Lancashire had dismissed an opposition for less than 22, which occurred against Glamorgan at Liverpool in 1924.