Australia completed a 120-run victory in the second Ashes Test on Wednesday to take a 2-0 series lead.
England started day five on 176/4 chasing a target of 354 but lost all six remaining wickets in the first session of the day, putting on just 57 runs.
The result means England – the Ashes holders – are two-down in the five-match series ahead of the third Test starting in Perth on 14 December.
The Three Lions came into the day with hope of an improbable victory but made the worst possible start when Chris Woakes edged behind to wicketkeeper Tim Paine off Josh Hazlewood. The batsman reviewed the on-field decision but was ruled to have made the faintest of touches on the ball.
In his second over of the day, Hazlewood claimed the big wicket of captain Joe Root in the same fashion to leave the Three Lions 178/6 and with little chance of completing a miracle victory.
Australia spinner Nathan Lyon then dismissed Moeen Ali lbw as the England batsman attempted to sweep, with ball-tracking showing that the ball was clipping the top of off stump.
That brought Craig Overton to the crease and the debutant was soon out for seven as Mitchell Starc dismissed him lbw for seven with the new ball.
Stuart Broad became the fifth man to fall in the session when he also nicked behind off Starc, who completed his five-wicket haul and the victory when he bowled Jonny Bairstow following a resilient 36.
Follow all of the team news and results during the Ashes in our England Men section.
England Ashes squad